Here is part #4, "1C. Quotes by mainstream Christian authors that Jesus is Jehovah," of my series, "Jesus is Jehovah!" by topic, which will be based on my morning `quiet time' Bible reading.
© Stephen E. Jones
1. INTRODUCTION (continued)
C. Quotes by Christian authors that Jesus is Jehovah"
I am posting these quotes by mainstream Christian authors stating that Jesus is Jehovah for two reasons:
1) I have been a Christian for 40-plus years, and have regularly attended a variety of evangelical churches over those years, yet I have rarely (if ever) heard preached the central Biblical truth that Jesus of the New Testament is Jehovah of the Old Testament, come in the flesh. So some (if not most) of my readers might wrongly think that this is a personal heresy of mine!
2) These quotes provide a sort of overview of this series, in the lines of evidence and Bible verses presented, which show that the Lord Jesus Christ is indeed Jehovah God the Son, come in a human body and nature.
Robert M. Bowman, Jr "The amount of material in the Bible supporting the teaching that Jesus Christ is Jehovah God is actually quite staggering":
"Jesus as Jehovah The amount of material in the Bible supporting the teaching that Jesus Christ is Jehovah God is actually quite staggering. Here we can summarize only some of the remaining highlights. Mention has already been made of Philippians 2:9-11, which says that Jesus has been given `the name which is above every name,' the name Lord, or Jehovah. Even clearer is Romans 10:9-13. Here we are told to confess Jesus as Lord (vv. 9-10), confident that no one trusting in him, that is, in Jesus, the rock over which the Jews stumbled, will be disappointed (v. 11; cf. 9:33), because he is Lord for both Jew and Greek, rich to all who call upon him for salvation (v. 12). Then verse 13 concludes that whoever will call upon the name of the Lord will be saved. In context, this must be Jesus, because he is the Lord on whom all must call to be saved, as verses 9-12 have said; but the NWT translates `Lord' here as `Jehovah,' because it is a quote from Joel 2:32, where the original Hebrew has the divine name! Thus Jesus is here identified as Jehovah. Similar is 1 Peter 2:3, which is nearly an exact quotation from Psalm 34:8, where the Lord is Jehovah; but from verses 4-8 it is also clear that the Lord in verse 3 is Jesus." (Bowman, R.M., 1989, "Why You Should Believe in the Trinity: An Answer to Jehovah's Witnesses," Baker: Grand Rapids MI, Third printing, 1990, pp.108-109. Emphasis original).
"By the same reasoning, however, Jesus himself must be recognized to be Jehovah":
"By the same reasoning, however, Jesus himself must be recognized to be Jehovah. He is identified in Scripture as `the Mighty God' (Isa. 9:6; compare 10:21), as `God' (John 1:1), `my God' (John 20:28), `our great God and Savior' (Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1), and `the true God and eternal life' (1 John 5:20). Moreover, the Bible in more than one place explicitly says, `Jesus is Lord,' which is the clearest way the New Testament could affirm that Jesus is Jehovah (Rom. 10:9; 1 Cor. 12:3; Phil. 2:11). Elsewhere the New Testament calls Jesus Lord in contexts where it is quoting or paraphrasing Old Testament texts which in Hebrew used the divine name (Heb. 1:10-12; 1 Peter 2:3; 3:15). Moreover, when the apostle Paul uses the expression one Lord, it is clear from the context that he always has Jesus in mind, even though one Lord in the Old Testament means `one Jehovah' (Deut. 6:4)." (Bowman, R.M., Jr., 1991, "Understanding Jehovah's Witnesses: Why They Read the Bible the Way They Do," Baker: Grand Rapids MI, p.120. Emphasis original).
J. Oliver Buswell, Jr. "Jesus Is Jahweh Not only is Jesus called God in the New Testament but he is called Lord in quotations from the Old Testament where the Old Testament word is Jahweh":
"Jesus Is Jahweh Not only is Jesus called God in the New Testament but he is called Lord in quotations from the Old Testament where the Old Testament word is Jahweh. In the prophecy of Zacharias (Luke 1:76) it is said of John the Baptist, `And thou, child, shalt be called Prophet of the Most High; thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways.' It is obvious that Luke understood this prophecy as referring to John as the forerunner of Jesus. But Zacharias was alluding to Malachi 3:1 in which the word `the Lord' is Jahweh. `Behold I will send my messenger and he shall prepare the way before me, saith Jahweh of hosts:' Thus `the Lord,' whose ways John was to prepare, is none other than Jahweh Himself. Paul gives great emphasis to the prophecy of Joel. `Whosoever will call upon the name of the Lord will be saved' (Rom. 10:13). It is clear in the context that Paul is calling Christ `the Lord,' but in Joel 2:32, in the phrase, `Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be delivered,' `the Lord' in the Hebrew text is Jahweh. In the Romans 14:10 reference to the judgment of the saints, Paul adds a quotation from Isaiah 45:23. `As I live saith the Lord, every knee will bow to me and every tongue will confess to God:' That Jahweh is the speaker in Isaiah's words is evident from verses 24 and 25. These passages indicate that Christ and God and Jahweh are one." (Buswell, J.O., Jr., 1962, "A Systematic Theology of the Christian Religion," Zondervan: Grand Rapids MI, Vol. I, 1968, Second printing, pp.104-105. Emphasis original).
Norman L. Geisler "Jesus Claimed to Be Yahweh. ... the special name given by God for himself in the Old Testament.":
"Jesus Claimed to Be Yahweh. Yahweh (YHWH; sometimes appearing in English translations as `Jehovah' or in small capital letters as `LORD') is the special name given by God for himself in the Old Testament. It is the name revealed to Moses in Exodus 3:14, when God said, `I AM WHO I AM.' Other titles for God may be used of humans, such as Adonai ('Lord') in Gen. 18:12, or false gods, such as elohim ('gods') in Deut. 6:14. Yahweh, however, only refers to the one true God. No other person or thing was to be worshiped or served (Exod. 20:5), and his name and glory were not to be given to another. Isaiah wrote, `This is what the LORD says.... I am the first, and I am the last; apart from me there is no God' (Isa. 44:6) and, `I am the LORD; that is my name! I will not give my glory to another, or my praise to idols' (42:8). Jesus claimed to be Yahweh. He prayed, `And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was' (John 17:5). But Yahweh of the Old Testament said, `my glory will I not give to another' (Isa. 42:8). Jesus also declared, `I am the first and the last' (Rev. 1:17)-precisely the words used by Jehovah in Isaiah 42:8 [Isa 44:6]. He said, `I am the good shepherd' (John 10:11), but the Old Testament said, `Yahweh is my shepherd' (Ps. 23:1). Further, Jesus claimed to be the judge of all people (Matt. 25:31f.; John 5:27f.), but Joel quotes Jehovah as saying, `for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side' (Joel 3:12). Likewise, Jesus spoke of himself as the `bridegroom' (Matt. 25:1) while the Old Testament identifies Jehovah in this way (Isa. 62:5; Hos. 2:16). While the Psalmist declares, `The LORD is my light' (Ps. 27:1), Jesus said, `I am the light of the world' (John 8:12). Perhaps the strongest claim Jesus made to be Yahweh is in John 8:58, where he says, `Before Abraham was, I am.' This statement claims not only existence before Abraham, but equality with the `I AM' of Exodus 3:14. The Jews around him clearly understood his meaning and picked up stones to kill him for blaspheming (cf. John 8:58 and 10:31-33). The same claim is made in Mark 14:62 and John 18:5-6." (Geisler, N.L., 1999, "Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics," Baker Books: Grand Rapids MI, p.129. Emphasis original).
Charles Hodge "Christ is called Lord in the New Testament with the same constancy and with the same preeminence that Jehovah is called Lord in the Old Testament":
"The Sense in which Christ is called Lord. The first argument from the New Testament in proof of the divinity of Christ, is derived from the fact that He is everywhere called Lord; the Lord; our Lord. It is admitted that the Greek word kurios means owner ... whether of men or things. ... It is, therefore, not merely the fact that Jesus is called Lord, that proves that He is also God; but that He is called Lord in such a sense and in such a way as is consistent with no other hypothesis... In the first place, Christ is called Lord in the New Testament with the same constancy and with the same preeminence that Jehovah is called Lord in the Old Testament. This was the word which all the readers ... were accustomed to use to express their relation to God. ... The same feelings of reverence, adoration, and love, the same sense of dependence and desire of protection are expressed throughout the New Testament in calling Jesus Lord. Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean [Mt 8:2; Lk 5:12]. Lord, save me [Mt 14:30]. Joy of thy Lord [Mt 25:21,23]. Lord, when saw we thee a hungered? [Mt 25:37,44] He that judgeth me is the Lord [1Cor 4:4]. If the Lord will [1Cor 4:19; Jas 4:15]. To be present with the Lord [1Cor 5:8]. Them that call on the Lord [2Tim 2:22]. Which the Lord shall give me in the last day [2Tim 4:8]. Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord [Rev 14:13]. Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour. [Rev 4:11]. Jesus Christ, therefore, is Lord to Christians in the same sense that Jehovah was Lord to the Hebrews. The usage referred to is altogether peculiar; no man - not Moses, nor Abraham, nor David, nor any of the prophets or Apostles, is ever thus prevailingly addressed or invoked as Lord. We have but one Lord [1Cor 8:6; Eph 4:5]; and Jesus Christ is Lord [Php 2:11]. But in the second place, Jesus Christ ... is declared to be the Lord of lords [Rev 17:14; 19:16]; to be the Lord of glory [1Cor 2:8; Jas 2:1]; the Lord of all [Ac 10:36]; the Lord of the living and the dead [Rom 14:9]; the Lord of all who are in heaven and on earth, and under the earth. All creatures, from the highest to the lowest, must bow the knee to Him [Php 2:10; Rom 14:11; Isa 45:23], and acknowledge his absolute dominion [Mt 28:18; Eph 1:20-21; Php 2:9-10]. He is in such a sense Lord as that no man can truly call Him Lord but by the Holy Ghost [1Cor 12:3]. In the third place, Christ is called Lord, when that word is used for the incommunicable divine names and titles Jehovah and Adonai. ... In Luke i. 76, it is said of John the Baptist, the forerunner of Christ, that he should go before the face of the Lord; but in Malachi iii. 1, of which this passage declares the fulfilment, the person speaking is Jehovah. The day of Christ [Php 1:10; 2:16; 1:6; 1Cor 5:5], in the New Testament, is called `the day of the Lord;' [Ac 2:20; 1Th 5:2; 2Th 2:2; 2Pet 3:10] in the Old Testament it is called `the day of Jehovah [Isa 2:12; 13:6,9; Eze 13:5; 30:3; Joel 1:15; 2:1,11,31; 3:14; Amos 5:18,20; Ob 1:15; Zep 1:7; Zec 14:1; Mal 4:5 ASV], the great day.' [Zep 1:14 ASV] ... Romans x. 13, quotes Joel ii. 32, which speaks of Jehovah, and applies it to Christ, saying, `Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.' Rom xiv. 10, 11, quotes Isaiah xlv. 23, `We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord (Jehovah), every knee shall bow to me,' etc. This is common throughout the New Testament, and therefore Christ is there set forth as Lord in the same sense in which the Supreme God is Lord." (Hodge, C., 1892, "Systematic Theology," James Clark & Co: London, Reprinted, 1960, Vol. I, pp.495-497).
Bruce Milne "On several occasions NT writers apply OT passages concerning Yahweh directly to Jesus ... These passages clearly identify Jesus with Yahweh":
"JESUS' IDENTITY WITH YAHWEH/JEHOVAH The NT attributes to Jesus many of the perfections of Yahweh (or, Jehovah), the creator/redeemer God of the OT. There are seven main points of identity. God's name When the OT was translated into Greek in the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC (the Septuagint), the sacred name of God, YHWH, usually rendered Yahweh or Jehovah, was translated by the Greek word Kyrios (Lord); there are approaching 7,000 instances of this. This sacred and exalted title was attributed directly to Jesus (Rom. 10:9; 1 Cor. 12:3; Phil. 2:11; etc., cf. also Lord of lords, 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 17:14; 19:16). Indeed the confession Jesus is Lord is probably the earliest confession of faith (Rom. 10:9; 1 Cor. 12:3; 2 Cor. 4:5). On several occasions NT writers apply OT passages concerning Yahweh directly to Jesus (Acts 2:34f.; Rom. 8:34; Heb. 10:12f.; 1 Pet. 3:22 apply Ps. 110:1. Rom. 10:13 applies Joel 2:32. Phil. 2:9-11 applies Is. 45:23. Jn. 12:41 applies Is. 6:10. Eph. 4:8 applies Ps. 68:18). These passages clearly identify Jesus with Yahweh. Another link is provided by self-designations of God appropriated by Jesus or referred to him. Supremely significant is the I AM (Ex. 3:14; cf. Jn. 8:58; 6:35; 8:12,24; 11:25; 14:6; 18:5f.; Mk. 14:62). Others are bridegroom (Is. 62:5; Je. 2:2; Ezk. 16:8; cf. Mk. 2:19f.; Jn. 3:29; 2 Cor. 11:2; Rev. 19:7); shepherd (Pss. 23:1; 80:1; Is. 40:11; Ezk. 34:15; cf. Jn. 10:11-16; Heb. 13:10; 1 Pet. 2:25; 5:4); the first and the last (Is. 44:6; 48:12; cf. Rev. 2:8; 22:13). (Milne, B., 1982, "Know the Truth: A Handbook of Christian Belief," Inter-Varsity Press: Leicester UK, Fifth printing, 1988, pp.129-130. Emphasis original).
Ron Rhodes "A comparison of the Old and New Testaments provides powerful testimony to Jesus' identity as Yahweh":
"Jesus Is Yahweh ... A comparison of the Old and New Testaments provides powerful testimony to Jesus' identity as Yahweh. Support for this is found, for example, in Christ's crucifixion. In Zechariah 12:10. Yahweh is speaking prophetically: `They will look on me, the one they have pierced.' Though Yahweh is speaking, this is obviously a reference to Christ's future crucifixion. We know that `the one they have pierced' is Jesus, for He is described this same way by the apostle John in Revelation 1:7. ... The Septuagint provides us with additional insights on Christ's identity as Yahweh. The Septuagint is a Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament that dates prior to the birth of Christ. It renders the Hebrew phrase for `I AM' (God's name) in Exodus 3:14 as ego eimi. On a number of occasions in the Greek New Testament, Jesus used this term as a way of identifying Himself as God. For example, in John 8:24 (NASB) Jesus declared, `Unless you believe that I am [I AM or ego eimi] He, you shall die in your sins.' The original Greek text for this verse does not have the word he. The verse is literally, `If you do not believe that I AM, you shall die in your sins.' Then, according to verse 28, Jesus told the Jews, `When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am [I AM, or ego eimi] He.' Again, the original Greek text reads, `When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I AM' (there is no he). Jesus purposely used the phrase as a means of pointing to His identity as Yahweh. It is also highly revealing that Old Testament passages about Yahweh were directly applied to Jesus in the New Testament. For instance, Isaiah 40:3 says: `In the desert prepare the way for the LORD [Yahweh]; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God [Elohim].' Mark's Gospel tells us that Isaiah's words were fulfilled in the ministry of John the Baptist preparing the way for Jesus Christ (Mark 1:2-4). Still another illustration is Isaiah 6:1-5, where the prophet recounts his vision of Yahweh `seated on a throne, high and exalted' (verse 1). He said, `Holy, holy, holy is the LORD [Yahweh]Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory' (verse 3). Isaiah also quotes Yahweh as saying: `I am the LORD; that is my name! I will not give my glory to another' (42:8). Later, the apostle John-under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit-wrote that Isaiah `saw Jesus' glory' (John 12:41). Yahweh's glory and Jesus' glory are equated." (Rhodes, R., 1993, "Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Jehovah's Witnesses," Harvest House: Eugene OR, Reprinted, 2006, pp.62-64. Emphasis original).
Henry C. Thiessen "His identification with the Old Testament Jehovah. Things that are in the Old Testament said of Jehovah are in the New Testament said of Christ":
"The doctrine of the deity of Christ is crucial to the Christian faith. `What think you of Christ?' is the paramount question of life (cf. Matt. 16:15; 22:42). Surely Jesus Christ is the greatest of all men, but he is infinitely more than mere man. It can be demonstrated that he is God in several ways.... His identification with the Old Testament Jehovah. Things that are in the Old Testament said of Jehovah are in the New Testament said of Christ. He was the creator (Ps. 102:24-27; Heb. 1:10-12), was seen by Isaiah (Isa. 6:1-4; John 12:41), was to be preceded by a forerunner (Isa. 40:3; Matt. 3:3), disciplines his people (Num. 21:6f.; 1 Cor. 10:9), is to be regarded as holy (Isa. 8:13; 1 Pet. 3:15), is to lead captivity captive (Ps. 68:18; Eph. 4:8), and is to be the object of faith (Joel 2:32; Rom. 10:9, 13)." (Thiessen, H.C. & Doerksen, V.D., 1979, "Lectures in Systematic Theology," , Eerdmans: Grand Rapids MI, Revised, pp.92-93. My emphasis).
David F. Wells "Paul moves easily into a complete linguistic identification of Christ with Yahweh.":
"Consequently, Paul moves easily into a complete linguistic identification of Christ with Yahweh. If Yahweh is our sanctifier (Ex. 31:13), is omnipresent (Ps. 139:7-10), is our peace (Judg. 6:24), is our righteousness (Jer. 23:6), is our victory (Ex. 17:8-16), and is our healer (Ex. 15:26), then so is Christ all of these things (1 Cor. 1:30; Col. 1:27; Eph. 2:14). If the gospel is God's (1 Thess. 2:2, 6-9; Gal. 3:8), then that same gospel is also Christ's (1 Thess. 3:2; Gal. 1:7). If the church is God's (Gal. 1:13; 1 Cor. 15:9), then that same church is also Christ's (Rom. 16:16). God's Kingdom (1 Thess. 2:12) is Christ's (Eph. 5:5); God's love (Eph. 1:3-5) is Christ's (Rom. 8:35); God's Word (Col. 1:25; 1 Thess. 2:13) is Christ's (1 Thess. 1:8; 4:15); God's Spirit (1 Thess. 4:8) is Christ's (Phil. 1:19); God's peace (Gal. 5:22; Phil. 4:9) is Christ's (Col. 3:15; cf Col. 1:2; Phil. 1:2; 4:7); God's `Day' of judgment (Isa. 13:6) is Christ's `Day' of judgment (Phil. 1:6, 10; 2:16; 1 Cor. 1:8); God's grace (Eph. 2:8, 9; Col. 1:6; Gal. 1:15) is Christ's grace (1 Thess. 5:28; Gal. 1:6; 6:18); God's salvation (Col. 1:13) is Christ's salvation (1 Thess. 1:10); and God's will (Eph. 1:11; 1 Thess. 4:3; Gal. 1:4) is Christ's will (Eph. 5:17; cf. 1 Thess. 5:18). So it is no surprise to hear Paul say that he is both God's slave (Rom. 1:9) and Christ's (Rom. 1:1; Gal. 1:10), that he lives for that glory which is both God's (Rom. 5:2; Gal. 1:24) and Christ's (2 Cor. 8:19, 23; cf. 2 Cor. 4:6), that his faith is in God (1 Thess. 1:8, 9; Rom. 4:1-5) and in Christ Jesus (Gal. 3:22), and that to know God, which is salvation (Gal. 4:8; 1 Thess. 4:5), is to know Christ (2 Cor. 4:6)." (Wells, D.F., 1992, "The Person of Christ: A Biblical and Historical Analysis of the Incarnation," Bible Scholar Books: Alliance OH, pp.64-65).
Thomas Whitelaw "All attempts to reduce Jesus of Nazareth to the dimensions of a mere man ... shatter themselves on this plain fact, that the New Testament writers ... distinctly identify Him with the Jehovah of the Old Testament."
"THE IDENTITY OF THE TWO. It may justly be contended that if the claim of Jesus to be the pre-existent Son of the Father can be established-as we believe it can be and practically has been in what has just been written concerning His supernatural history, character, and teaching-then the identity of the Two, though not in all respects, has been conclusively made out. For if Jehovah was the manifested God under the Old Testament dispensation, and Jesus was the manifested God under the New Testament dispensation, as the just-cited evidence shows, it will be hard to prove that they were not the same Person though in diverse forms. The language used by Jesus Himself in His high-priestly prayer-'And now, O Father, glorify Thou Me with the glory which I had with Thee before the world was' [Jn 17:5] implies that He regarded Himself as having pre-existed with God in eternity; in other words, as having been the Son of the Father, or Jehovah, the manifesting God who had in former times appeared to the patriarchs and had been in the Church in the Wilderness in the days of Moses. John also looked upon Him as the only begotten Son who had been from everlasting in the bosom of the Father, and who had become incarnate in order to reveal the Father [Jn 1:14,18]. Peter in his Pentecostal sermon calls Him `Lord' [Acts 2:36] (Kurios, the word used in the Septuagint as the translation of' Jehovah'). Paul employs the same designation in the phrase ` the Lord Jesus Christ,' [Rom 1:7; 13:14; 1Cor 1:3; 16:22; 2Cor 1:2; 13:14; Eph 1:2; 6:23; Php 1:2; 3:20; Col 1:2; 1Th 1:1; 2Th 1:1,2, 12; 1Tim 5:21; 2Tim 4:1,22; Tit 1:4; Phm 1:3] and expressly states that He existed originally in the form of God, which He laid aside, taking upon Himself the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of sinful flesh and being found in fashion as a man [Php 2:5-7], exactly as Jehovah temporarily did under the Old Testament. James likewise employs the appellation `Lord' when speaking of Jesus [Jas 1:1; 2:1]; and the writer to the Hebrews, besides styling Him `Lord' [Heb 1:10] and calling Him `God's Son,' [Heb 1:2, 5, 8] `the brightness of His Father's glory and the express image of His person,' [Heb 1:3] assigns to Him an everlasting throne [Heb 1:8], and ascribes to Him the works that were peculiar to Jehovah, the creation of the universe [Heb 1:10 = Ps 102:25-27] and the accomplishment of God's gracious scheme of redemption [Heb 9:12-15], - from all which it is apparent that Jesus was not merely a man filled with God's spirit and ethically one with God, but was Jehovah Himself become incarnate, God manifest in the flesh. All attempts to reduce Jesus of Nazareth to the dimensions of a mere man, though probably the best of men, must, apart from considerations and arguments to the contrary, shatter themselves on this plain fact, that the New Testament writers, the authorised interpreters of Christianity to subsequent ages, distinctly identify Him with the Jehovah of the Old Testament." (Whitelaw, T., 1913, "Jehovah-Jesus," T. &T. Clark: Edinburgh, pp.17-19).
Witnesses for Jesus: "Numerous titles and attributes of Jehovah found in the Hebrew Scriptures are applied directly to Jesus in the Christian Greek Scriptures":
"WHO IS JESUS? Numerous titles and attributes of Jehovah found in the Hebrew Scriptures are applied directly to Jesus in the Christian Greek Scriptures. Jehovah knows `all things.' (1Jn 3:20; Ps 147:5). Jesus knows `all things.' (Jn 16:30). Jehovah is the only one who knows the hearts of all men. (1Ki 8:39; Jer 17:9-10). Jesus knows the hearts of all men. (Jn 2:24-25; Rev 2:18,23). Jehovah is our sanctifier. (Ex 31:13). Jesus sanctifies us. (Heb 10:10). Jehovah is our peace. (Jdg 6:23). Jesus is our peace. (Eph 2:14). Jehovah is our righteousness. (Jer 23:6). Jesus is our righteousness. (1Cor 1:30). Jehovah is our healer. (Ex 15:26). Jesus heals us. (Acts 9:34). Jehovah God dwells in us. (2Cor 6:16). Jesus is in us. (Rom 8:10). Jehovah is the giver of life who will not allow His people to be `snatched' out of His hand. (Dt 32:39). Jesus is the giver of life who will not allow His people to be `snatched' out of His hand. (Jn 10:28). Jehovah's voice is `like the roar of rushing waters.' (Eze 43:2). Jesus' `voice was like the sound of rushing waters.' (Rev 1:15). Jehovah is present everywhere. (Prov 15:3; Jer 23:24; 1Ki 8:27). Jesus is omnipresent. (Jn 1:48; Mt 18:20; 28:20). Jehovah's nature does not change. (Mal 3:6). Jesus' nature does not change. (Heb 13:8). Jehovah is the only God we are to `serve.' (2Ki 17:35). Jesus is to be served. (Col 3:24). Jehovah is the only God to be `worshipped.' (Ex 34:14). Jesus receives the same honor and `worship' that the Father receives. (Jn 5:23; Rev 5:11-14 compare with Rev. 4:10-11). No angel can receive `worship.' (Rev 22:8-9). Jehovah the Lord is to be set apart as holy. (Isa 8:12b-13). Jesus as Jehovah is to be set apart as holy. (1Pet 3:14b-15a). Jehovah's glory is not to be given to another. (Isa 42:8). Jesus shares Jehovah's glory. (Jn 17:5). God's name is Jehovah (or Yahweh--YHWH). (Isa 42:8). Jesus has Jehovah's name. (Jn 17:11; 16:14-15). Jehovah is the only God to be mentioned in prayer. (Ex 23:13). Christians are to pray to Jesus. (Jn 14:14). Calling upon Jehovah (Joel 2:32) is the same as calling upon Jesus. (Acts 2:21; Rom 10:9-13). Jehovah `the true God' is called `eternal life.' (1Jn 5:20). Jesus is called `the eternal life.' (1Jn 1:2). Jehovah is the `mighty God.' (Jer 32:17-18; Isa 10:20-21). Jesus is the `mighty God' (Isa 9:6) who is `Almighty.' (Rev 1:7-8). THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD. (1Tim 1:17; Isa 44:8). Jehovah is an `everlasting light.' (Ps 27:1; Isa 60:19-20). Jesus is the light of men and the everlasting light of the future city. (Jn 1:4-9; Rev 21:23). Jehovah is `the first and the last.' (Isa 44:6; 48:12). Jesus is the `first and the last.' (Rev 1:17-18; 22:12-13,20). Jehovah is the `Alpha and the Omega.' (Rev 1:8; 21:6-7). Jesus is the `Alpha and the Omega.' (Rev 22:12-13,20). Jehovah's title is `the Holy One.' (Isa 47:4). Jesus is `the Holy One.' (Acts 3:14; Jn 6:69). Jehovah is the `stumbling stone' of Israel. (Isa 8:13-15). Jesus is the `stumbling stone' of Israel. (1Pet 2:6-8). John the Baptist was to prepare the way for Jehovah. (Isa 40:3). The Jehovah who came was Jesus. (Mk 1:1-4; Jn 1:6-7,23). Jehovah is the one who was `pierced.' (Zec 12:10). Jesus is the pierced Jehovah. (Jn 19:34; Rev 1:7-8). The Jehovah who was sold for 30 pieces of silver (Zec 11:13) is Jesus. (Mt 27:2-6). Jehovah is Lord of the elements. (Ps 89:8-9). Jesus is Lord of the elements. (Mt 8:26-27; Jn 2:7-9). Jehovah is the great Judge who gives life to whom he wishes and who renders to each man `according' to his `deeds.' (Ps 98:9; Dt 32:39; Jer 17:9-10). Jesus is the only judge who gives life to whom he wishes and renders to each man `according' to his `deeds.' (Jn 5:21-22; Rev 2:18,23). Jehovah is the only one who can forgive sins. (Mk 2:7; Dn 9:9). Jesus forgives sins. (Mk 2:10-11; Lk 24:46-47). Jehovah is the great `shepherd' who leads his people to `the spring of the water of life.' (Ps 23:1-2; Rev 21:6-7). Jesus as the `shepherd' of His people, leads them `to springs of the water of life.' (Jn 10:11-18; Rev 7:17) THERE IS ONLY ONE SHEPHERD (Jn 10:16). Jehovah is `Lord of Lords.' (Dt 10:17). Jesus is `Lord of Lords.' (Rev 17:14; 19:16). The Father is Lord of all (Mt 11:25; Acts 17:24). Jesus is `Lord of all.' (Acts 10:36). THERE IS ONLY ONE LORD. (Jude 4). Jehovah is the Savior. (Isa 45:21-22). Jesus is the Savior. (Tit 2:13; 2Pet 1:1). THERE IS ONLY ONE SAVIOR. (Isa 43:11). Jehovah created the universe. (Ps 102:25-27). Jesus created the universe. (Jn 1:3; Col 1:15-19; Heb 1:10-12). THERE IS ONLY ONE CREATOR. (Isa 44:24). Isaiah saw Jehovah. (Isa 6:1-5). The Jehovah that Isa saw was Jesus. (Jn 12:41)." ("Is Jesus Christ the Archangel Michael?," Witnesses for Jesus, 11 October 2011. Emphasis original. My verse abbreviation and links.).
My next post in this series is part #5, "2A. Plurality in Jehovah was revealed in the Old Testament."